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Eng. Law. This was the name of an ancient court; it derived its name from assideo, to sit together. It was a kind of jury before which no evidence was adduced, their verdict being regarded as a statement of facts, which they knew of their own knowledge.
The name of assize was also given to a remedy for the restitution of a freehold, of which the complainant had been disseised. Assizes were of four kinds: Mort d'ancestor Novel Disseisin Darrien Presentment; and Utrum. This remedy has given way to others less perplexed and more expeditious.
The final judgment for the plaintiff in an assize of Novel Disseisin, is, that he recover per visum recognitorum, and it is sufficiently certain. if the recognitors can put the demandant in possession. In this action, the plaintiff cannot be compelled to be nonsuited.
There is, however, in this class of actions, an interlocutory judgment, or award in the nature of a judgment, and which to diverse intents and purposes, is a judgment like the judgment of quod computet, in account render; or quod partitio flat, in partition; quod mensuratio fiat; ouster of aid; award of a writ of inquiry, in waste.; of damages in trespass; upon these and the like judgments, a writ of error does not lie.
Obs.Fr. The laws imposed by the king with the consent of his nobles; the codification of laws, or a type of law court that ruled on customary law.