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The capture of personal property by a public enemy on land, in contradistinction to prize, which is a capture of such property by such an enemy on the sea.

After booty has been in complete possession of the enemy for twenty-four hours, it becomes absolutely his, without any right of postliminy in favor of the original owner, particularly when it has passed, bona fide, into the hands of a neutral.

The right to the booty belongs to the sovereign but sometimes the right of the sovereign, or the public, is transferred to the soldiers to encourage them.