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An agreement or consent, indirectly given, that something unlawful shall be done by another.

The connivance of the husband to his wife's prostitution deprives him of the right of obtaining a divorce on that ground or of recovering damages from the seducer. It may be satisfactorily proved by implication.

Connivance differs from condonation, though either may have the same legal consequences. Connivance necessarily involves criminality on the part of the individual who connives, but condonation may take place without implying the slightest blame to the party who forgives the injury.

Connivance must be the act of the mind before the offence has been committed, while condonation is the result of a determination to forgive an injury which was not known until after it was inflicted.

Connivance also differs from collusion. The former is generally collusion for a particular purpose, while the latter may exist without connivance.