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Chastisement by one having authority of a person who has committed some offence, for the purpose of bringing him to legal subjection.
It is chiefly exercised in a parental manner, by parents or those who are placed in loco parentis. A parent may therefore justify the correction of the child either corporally or by confinement; and a schoolmaster, under whose care and instruction a parent has placed his child, may equally justify similar correction; but the correction in both, cases must be moderate and in proper lawful manner.
The master of an apprentice, for disobedience, may correct him moderately but he cannot delegate the authority to another.
A master has no right to correct his servants who are not apprentices.
Soldiers are liable to moderate correction from their superiors. For the sake of maintaining their discipline on board of the navy, the captain of a vessel, either belonging to the United States or to private individuals, may inflict moderate correction on a sailor for disobedience or disorderly conduct. Such has been the general rule. But by a proviso to an act of Congress, approved September, l850, flogging in the navy and on board vessels of commerce was abolished.
Any excess of correction by the parent, master, officer or captain may render the party guilty of an assault and battery, and liable to all its consequences. In prisons, the keepers have the right to correct the prisoners within lawful limits.