In some cases the law which a person is charged with breaking actually covers two separate crimes, one is more serious than the second, and the second is generally called a lesser included offense; Charges that contain elements of the most serious charge against a defendant. For instance, a person charged with first-degree murder (which requires premeditation) could be convicted of second-degree murder (a killing done without premeditation) or manslaughter (a killing done in the heat of passion)
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