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The obligation to answer for an act done, and to repair any injury it may have caused.This obligation arises without any contract, either on the part of the party bound to repair the injury, or of the party injured. The law gives to the person who has suffered loss, a compensation in damages.
It is a general rule that no one is answerable for the acts of another unless he has, by some act of his own, concurred in them. But when he has sanctioned those acts, either explicitly or by implication, he is responsible. An innkeeper in general, civilly liable for the acts of his servants towards his guests, for anything done in their capacity of servants. The owner of a carriage is also, civilly responsible to a passenger for any injury done by the driver as such.
There are cases where persons are made civilly responsible for the acts of others by particular laws and statutory provisions, when they have not done anything by which they might be considered as participating in such acts. The responsibility which the hundred in England formerly incurred to make good any robbery committed within its precincts, may be mentioned as an instance. A somewhat similar liability is incurred now in some places in this country by a county, when property has been destroyed by a mob.
Penal responsibility is always personal, and no one can be punished for the commission of a crime but the person who has committed it or his accomplice.
Term used to describe one of the principal criteria that a government contractor must meet in order to eligible for the award of a particular contract. A contractor generally is deemed to be responsible if it: has adequate financial resources to perform the contract; is capable of complying with the proposed performance of delivery schedule; has a satisfactory performance record; has a satisfactory record of integrity; has the necessary organization, experience, accounting and operational controls, and technical skills, or the ability to obtain them; has the necessary production, construction, and technical equipment and facilities, or the ability to obtain them; and is otherwise qualified and eligible to receive an award.