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English law. The rules of the King's Bench and Fleet are certain limits without the actual walls of the prisons, where the prisoner, on proper security previously given to the marshal of the king's bench, or warden of the fleet, may reside; those limits are considered, for all legal and practical purposes, as merely a further extension of the prison walls.
The rules or permission to reside without the prison, may be obtained by any person not committed criminally by satisfying the marshal or warden of the security with which he may grant such permission.
An order made by a court having competent jurisdiction.
Rules of court are either general or special; the former are the laws by which the practice of the court is governed; the latter are special orders made in particular cases.
Disobedience to these is punished by giving judgment against the disobedient party, or by attachment for contempt.
Certain orders made by the courts for the purpose of regulating the practice of members of the bar and others.
Every court of record has an inherent power to make rules for the transaction of its business; which rules they may from time to time change, alter, rescind or repeal. While they are in force they must be applied to all cases which fall within them; they can use no discretion, unless such discretion is authorized by the rules themselves. Rules of court cannot, of course, contravene the constitution or the law of the land.