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When the hushand and wife agree to live apart they are said to have made a separation.

Contracts of this kind are generally made by the hushand for himself and by the wife with trustees. This contract does not affect the marriage, and the parties may, at any time agree to live together as hushand and wife. The hushand who has agreed to a total separation cannot bring an action for criminal conversation with the wife. Reconciliation after separation supersedes special articles of separation in courts of law and equity. Public policy forbids that parties should be permitted to make agreements for themselves to hold good whenever they choose to live separate.


In a marital breakup, a document that outlines the terms of the couple's separation.