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Rom. civil law. From the reign of Constantine to Justinian, advocates were divided into two classes: advocates in title, who were called statute, and supernumeraries. The statutis were inscribed in the matriculation books, and formed a part of the college of advocates in each jurisdiction. The supernumeraries were not attached to any bar in particular, and could reside where they pleased; they took the place of advocates by title as vacancies occurred in that body.