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The Department of Justice was established by act of June 22, 1870,
as amended (28 U.S.C. 501, 503, 509 note), with the Attorney General
as its head. Prior to 1870 the Attorney General was a member of the
President's Cabinet, but not the head of a department, the office
having been created under authority of act of September 24, 1789, as
amended (28 U.S.C. 503).
The affairs and activities of the Department of Justice are
generally directed by the Attorney General. The offices, divisions,
bureaus, and boards of the Department follow.
The Attorney General, as head of the Department of Justice and chief
law enforcement officer of the Federal Government, represents the
United States in legal matters generally and gives advice and
opinions to the President and to the heads of the executive
departments of the Government when so requested. The Attorney
General appears in person to represent the Government before the
U.S. Supreme Court in cases of exceptional gravity or importance.
The Office of the Attorney General oversees the Offices of Deputy
Attorney General, Associate Attorneys General, Legal Counsel, and
Inspector General, as well as the following offices whose public
purposes are widely applied.
The Solicitor General represents the U.S. Government in cases before
the Supreme Court. He decides what cases the Government should ask
the Supreme Court to review and what position the Government should
take in cases before the Court. Also, he supervises the preparation
of the Government's Supreme Court briefs and other legal documents
and the conduct of the oral arguments in the Court. He or his staff
argue most of the Government's cases in the Supreme Court. The
Solicitor General's duties also include deciding whether the United
States should appeal in all cases it loses before the lower courts.
The Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Office of Legal
Counsel assists the Attorney General in fulfilling the Attorney
General's function as legal adviser to the President and all the
executive branch agencies. The Office drafts legal opinions of the
Attorney General rendered in response to requests from the President
and heads of the executive departments. It also provides its own
written opinions and informal advice in response to requests from
the various agencies of the Government, as well as offices within
the Department and from Presidential staff and advisers, typically
dealing with legal issues involving agency disagreements or with
pending legislation. The Office also is responsible for providing
legal advice to the executive branch on all constitutional
All Executive orders and proclamations proposed to be issued by the
President are reviewed by the Office of Legal Counsel for form and
legality, as are various other matters that require the President's
formal approval. In addition, the Office of Legal Counsel functions
as general counsel for the Department. It reviews all proposed
orders of the Attorney General and all regulations requiring the
Attorney General's approval.
The Office coordinates the work of the Department with respect to
treaties, executive agreements, and international organizations. It
performs a variety of special assignments referred by the Attorney
General or the Deputy Attorney General. However, it is not
authorized to give legal advice to private persons.
Information and Privacy
The Office of Information and Privacy (OIP) operates under the
supervision of a Director, who manages the Department's
responsibilities related to the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
and the Privacy Act. These responsibilities include coordinating
policy development and compliance Governmentwide for FOIA, and by
the Department for the Privacy Act; and adjudicating all appeals
from denials by any Department component of access to information
under those acts. OIP also processes all initial requests under
those acts for access to the records of the Offices of the Attorney
General, Deputy Attorney General, Associate Attorney General, and
other senior management offices of the Department.
Pardon Attorney The Office of the Pardon Attorney, in consultation
with the Attorney General or the Attorney General's designee,
assists the President in the exercise of his pardon power under
Article II, section 2, of the Constitution. Generally, all requests
for pardon or other forms of executive clemency, including
commutation of sentence, are directed to the Pardon Attorney for
investigation and review.
The Pardon Attorney prepares the Department's recommendation to the
President for final disposition of each application.
Community Relations Service
The Service was created by title X of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
(42 U.S.C. 2000g et seq.). The Community Relations Service is under
the general authority of the Attorney General and is headed by a
Director, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of
The mission of the Service is to prevent and resolve community
conflicts and reduce community tensions arising from actions,
policies, and practices perceived to be discriminatory on the basis
of race, color, or national origin.
The Service offers assistance to communities in resolving disputes
relating to race, color, or national origin and facilitates the
development of viable agreements as alternatives to coercion,
violence, or litigation. It also assists and supports communities in
developing local mechanisms as proactive measures to prevent or
reduce racial/ethnic tensions.
The services provided include conciliation, mediation, technical
assistance, and training, and involve specialized procedures for
preventing and resolving racial and ethnic conflicts.
The Service provides assistance directly to people and their
communities. It shows no partiality among disputing parties and, in
promoting the principles and ideals of nondiscrimination, applies
skills that allow parties to mediate their own disputes. The
Service's conciliators, who are located in 10 regional offices and 4
field offices around the country, assist people of diverse racial
and cultural backgrounds.
The Service offers its assistance either on its own motion, when in
its judgment peaceful relations among the citizens of a community
are threatened, or upon request of State or local officials or other
interested persons. The Service seeks the cooperation of appropriate
State and local, and public and private agencies in carrying out the
Justice Management Division Under the direction of the Assistant
Attorney General for Administration, the Division provides
assistance to senior management officials relating to basic
Department policy for evaluation, budget and financial management,
personnel management and training, equal opportunity programs,
automatic data processing and telecommunications, security, records
management, procurement, real property and materiel management, and
for all other matters pertaining to organization, management, and
The Division provides direct administrative support services, such
as personnel, accounting, payroll, procurement, budget, and
facilities and property management to the offices, boards, and
divisions of the Department; and operates several central services,
such as automated data processing.
The Division develops and promulgates Departmentwide policies,
standards, and procedures for the management of automated
information processing resources and for the directive system and
reviews their implementation. The Division collects, organizes, and
disseminates recorded information that is necessary for the
Department to carry out its statutory mandate and provides general
research and reference assistance regarding information to
Department staff, other Government attorneys, and members of the
Asset Forfeiture Management Staff (AFMS)
The Staff has responsibility for the administrative management
functions of the asset forfeiture program in the Department of
Justice. These functions include management of the Department of
Justice Asset Forfeiture Fund (AFF) including interpretation of the
AFF statute; implementation and operation of the Consolidated Asset
Tracking System (CATS); management of both internal and external
budget processes regarding AFF monies; managing investment of AFF
and Seized Asset Deposit Fund (SADF) surplus balances; development,
administration, and oversight of asset forfeiture program-wide
contracts; review, audit, and evaluation of asset forfeiture program
activities; identification of program weaknesses and development,
monitoring, and review of appropriate internal controls; analysis of
legislative, policy, and regulatory proposals that may affect
execution of the asset forfeiture program.
Professional Responsibility The Office of Professional
Responsibility, which reports directly to the Attorney General, is
responsible for investigating allegations of criminal or ethical
misconduct by employees of the Justice Department. The Counsel on
Professional Responsibility heads the Office, the role of which is
to ensure that departmental employees continue to perform their
duties in accordance with the high professional standards expected
of the Nation's principal law enforcement agency.
All allegations of misconduct against Department attorneys that
relate to the exercise of their discretion to investigate, litigate,
or provide legal advice are reported to the Office of Professional
Responsibility. The Office also has jurisdiction to investigate
allegations of misconduct by law enforcement personnel when they are
related to allegation of misconduct by attorneys within the Office's
jurisdiction. The Office usually conducts its own investigations
The Office may also participate in or direct an investigation
conducted by another component of the Department, or may simply
monitor an investigation conducted by an appropriate agency having
jurisdiction over the matter. In addition, the Office oversees the
internal inspection operations of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation and Drug Enforcement Administration.
The Counsel submits an annual report to the Attorney General that
reviews and evaluates the Department's internal inspection units.
The Counsel makes recommendations to the Attorney General on the
need for changes in policies or procedures that become evident
during the course of internal inquiries reviewed or initiated by the
Intelligence Policy and Review
The Office of Intelligence Policy and Review, under the direction of
the Counsel to the Attorney General for Intelligence Policy, is
responsible for advising the Attorney General on all matters
relating to the national security activities of the United States.
The Office also serves as adviser to the Attorney General and
various client agencies, including the Central Intelligence Agency,
the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the National Security Agency,
and the Defense and State Departments, concerning questions of law,
regulation, and guidelines as well as the legality of domestic and
overseas intelligence operations.
The Office prepares and files all applications for surveillances and
searches under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978,
assists Government agencies by providing legal advice on matters of
national security law and policy and represents the Department of
Justice on a variety of interagency committees. The Office also
comments on and coordinates other agencies' views regarding proposed
legislation affecting national security and intelligence matters.
The Office maintains an Intelligence Analytic Unit (IAU) to keep the
Attorney General, Deputy Attorney General, and other senior
Department officials currently informed on matters pertaining to
Executive Office for United States Attorneys (EOUSA) The Office was
created on April 6, 1953, by Attorney General Order No. 8–53, to
meet a need for a closer liaison between the Department of Justice
in Washington, DC, and the U.S. attorneys. The Office is under the
supervision of the Deputy Attorney General.
The mission of EOUSA is to provide general executive assistance to
the 94 Offices of the U.S. attorneys and to coordinate the
relationship between the U.S. attorneys and the organization
components of the Department of Justice and other Federal agencies.
U.S. Trustee Program
The U.S. Trustee Program acts in the public interest to promote the
efficiency and to protect and preserve the integrity of the
bankruptcy system. It works to secure the just, speedy, and
economical resolution of bankruptcy cases; monitors the conduct of
parties, takes action to ensure compliance with applicable laws and
procedures, and identifies and investigates bankruptcy fraud and
abuse; and oversees administrative functions in bankruptcy cases.
The Program is funded by the U.S. Trustee System Fund, which
consists mainly of filing fees paid by debtors invoking the
protections of the bankruptcy laws.
The U.S. Trustees supervise the administration of four of the five
types of bankruptcy proceedings defined under the Bankruptcy Code.
- proceedings under chapter 7 in which the assets of the debtor are
- reorganization proceedings under chapter 11 for rehabilitation of
the business debtor;
- adjustments of debts of a family farmer with regular income under
chapter 12; and
- adjustment of debts of an individual with regular income under
chapter 13, pursuant to which an individual can discharge debts by
arranging for payments over a period of time. The U.S. Trustee does
not have a significant role in proceedings under chapter 9, which
relates to the adjustment of debts of a municipality.
Specific responsibilities of the U.S. Trustees include:
- appointing and supervising the performance of private trustees in
- appointing and convening creditors' committees in chapter 11
corporate reorganization cases;
- reviewing applications for the retention of professionals and the
payment of fees;
- reviewing disclosure statements and submitting statements to the
court regarding their adequacy;
- appointing trustees or examiners in such cases as needed;
- ensuring that the assets involved in bankruptcy cases are protected
during the administration of cases;
- serving as trustees in chapters 7, 12, and 13 cases where private
trustees are unwilling to serve; and
- presenting matters relating to the Bankruptcy Code in court.
Executive Office for U.S. Trustees
The Attorney General is charged with the appointment, supervision,
and coordination of the U.S. Trustees and Assistant U.S. Trustees.
Day-to-day policy and legal direction, coordination, and control are
provided by the Director of the Executive Office for U.S. Trustees
who is appointed by the Attorney General. The Executive Office also
provides administrative and management support to individual U.S.
For further information, contact the Executive Office for U.S.
Trustees, Department of Justice, Suite 700, 901 E Street NW.,
Washington, DC 20530. Phone, 202–307–1391.
Sources of Information
Controlled Substances Act Registration
Information about registration under the Controlled Substances Act
may be obtained from the Registration Section of the Drug
Enforcement Administration, P.O. Box 28083, Central Station,
Washington, DC 20038. Phone, 202– 307–7255.
Disability-Related Matters Contact the Civil Rights Division's ADA
Hotline. Phone, 800–514–0301. TDD, 800–514– 0383.
Drugs and Crime Clearinghouse Phone, 800–666–3332 (toll-free).
Electronic Access Information concerning Department of Justice
programs and activities is available electronically through the
Internet, at http://www.usdoj.gov/.
Employment The Department maintains an agencywide job line. Phone,
Attorneys' applications: Director, Office of Attorney Personnel
Management, Department of Justice, Room 6150, Tenth Street and
Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20530. Phone, 202–514–1432.
Assistant U.S. attorney applicants should apply to individual U.S.
United States Marshals Service: Field Staffing Branch, United States
Marshals Service, Department of Justice, 600 Army Navy Drive,
Arlington, VA 22202– 4210.
Federal Bureau of Investigation: Director, Washington, DC 20535, or
any of the field offices or resident agencies whose addresses are
listed in the front of most local telephone directories.
Immigration and Naturalization Service: Central Office, 425 I Street
NW., Washington, DC 20536 (phone, 202–514–2530); or any regional or
Drug Enforcement Administration: regional offices, laboratories, or
Washington Headquarters Office of Personnel.
Bureau of Prisons: Central Office, 320 First Street NW., Washington,
DC 20534 (phone, 202–307–3082); or any regional or field office.
Office of Justice Programs, 633 Indiana Avenue NW., Washington, DC
20531. Phone, 202–307–0730.
United States Trustee Program, Room 770, 901 E Street NW.,
Washington, DC 20530. Phone, 202–616–1000.
Foreign Claims Settlement Commission: Attorneys: Office of the Chief
Counsel, Suite 6002, 600 E Street NW., Washington, DC 20579 (phone,
202–616–6975); Other: Administrative Officer, same address and
Housing Discrimination Matters Contact the Civil Rights Division's
Housing and Civil Enforcement Section. Phone, 800–896–7743.
Immigration-Related Employment Matters The Civil Rights Division
maintains a Worker Hotline. Phone, 800–255–7688. TDD, 800–237–2515.
It also offers information for employers. Phone, 800–255–8155. TDD,
Publications and Films The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin and Uniform
Crime Reports - Crime in the United States are available from the
Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington,
The Annual Report of the Attorney General of the United States is
published each year by the Department of Justice, Washington, DC
Approximately nine textbooks on citizenship, consisting of teachers
manuals and student textbooks at various reading levels, are
distributed free to public schools for applicants for citizenship
and are on sale to all others from the Superintendent of Documents,
Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Public schools or
organizations under the supervision of public schools which are
entitled to free textbooks should make their requests to the
appropriate Immigration and Naturalization Service Regional Office
(See appropriate section of this manual for mailing addresses.). For
general information, call 202–514–3946.
The Freedom of Information Act Guide and Privacy Act Overview and
the Freedom of Information Case List, both published annually, are
available from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing
Office, Washington, DC 20530; and in electronic format through
Library of Congress. ISBN 0–16–042921– 8.
FOIA Update (Stock No. 727–002– 00000–6), published quarterly, is
available free of charge to FOIA offices and other interested
offices Governmentwide. This publication is also available from the
Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington,
DC 20402; and in electronic format through Library of Congress.
Guidelines for Effective Human Relations Commissions, Annual Report
of the Community Relations Service, Community Relations Service
Brochure, CRS Hotline Brochure, Police Use of Deadly Force: A
Conciliation Handbook for Citizens and Police, Principles of Good
Policing: Avoiding Violence Between Police and Citizens, Resolving
Racial Conflict: A Guide for Municipalities, and Viewpoints and
Guidelines on Court-Appointed Citizens Monitoring Commissions in
School Desegregation are available upon request from the Public
Information Office, Community Relations Service, Department of
Justice, Washington, DC 20530.
A limited number of drug educational films are available, free of
charge, to civic, educational, private, and religious groups.
A limited selection of pamphlets and brochures is available. The
most widely requested publication is Drugs of Abuse, an
identification manual intended for professional use. Single copies
Copies of the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission's semiannual
(through December 1966) and annual (from January 1967) reports to
the Congress concerning its activities are available at the
Commission in limited quantities.
Reading Rooms Located in Washington, DC, at: U.S. Department of
Justice, Room 6505, Tenth Street and Constitution Avenue NW.,
Washington, DC 20530 (phone, 202–514–3775).
Bureau of Prisons, 320 First Street NW., 20534 (phone,
Immigration and Naturalization Service, 425 I Street NW., 20536
(phone, 202– 514–2837);
Foreign Claims Settlement Commission, 600 E Street NW., 20579
Also at the U.S. Parole Commission, 5550 Friendship Boulevard, Chevy
Chase, MD 20815 (phone, 301–492–5959);
Board of Immigration Appeals, Suite 2400, 5107 Leesburg Pike, Falls
Church, VA 22041 (phone, 703–305–0168); some of the Immigration and
Naturalization Service district offices; and the National Institute
of Justice, 9th Floor, 633 Indiana Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20531
Redress for Wartime Relocation/Internment Contact the Civil Rights
Division's Office of Redress Administration. Helpline phone, 202–
219–6900. TDD, 202–219–4710.
In 1972, the National Institute of Justice established the National
Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS). All five OJP bureaus now
support NCJRS, a clearinghouse of information and publications
concerning OJP programs and other information of interest to the
criminal justice community. The Office's National Institute of
Justice, which has supported the clearinghouse for almost 20 years,
provides most of the funding for the National Criminal Justice
Reference Service. Police, corrections agencies, courts, criminal
justice planners, juvenile justice practitioners, community crime
prevention groups, and others needing information for planning and
problem solving in criminal justice can refer to this international
information service specially designed to assist the justice
The National Criminal Justice Reference Service provides information
from its computerized data base system free or at a minimal cost to
users through a variety of products and services including the
bimonthly NIJ Catalog, which contains abstracts of significant
additions to the data base and pertinent information and a Calendar
of Events announcing upcoming training courses and conferences;
selected hardcopy documents upon request; three types of data base
search packages; various microfiche products; and referrals to other
Under contracts with OJP bureaus, the National Criminal Justice
Reference Service also operates the Drugs and Crime Data Center and
Clearinghouse, the Bureau of Justice Assistance Clearinghouse, the
Justice Statistics Clearinghouse, the Juvenile Justice
Clearinghouse, the National Victims Resource Center, and the
Construction Information Exchange. All the Service's clearinghouses
may be contacted on 800–851–3420 (toll-free); or in the Washington,
DC, metropolitan area on 301–251–5500.
The NCJRS Electronic Bulletin Board, with 3,000 registered users,
makes NCJRS' services available online. The Bulletin Board may be
accessed by modem on 301–738–8895.
Organizations and individuals may register to receive information
from the National Criminal Justice Reference Service by writing
NCJRS, Box 6000, 1600 Research Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20850.
Small Business Activities Contract information for small businesses
can be obtained from the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business
Utilization, Department of Justice, Tenth Street and Pennsylvania
Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20530. Phone, 202–616–0521.
For further information concerning the Department of Justice,
contact the Office of Public Affairs, Department of Justice, Tenth
Street and Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20530. Phone,
202– 514–2007 (voice); 202–786–5731 (TDD).
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