This handout is an introduction to materials which are related to the
European Communities that are available online. The publications
described are sources for treaties, secondary legislation, case law
and current information.
For online sources, always check the most recent database
directories: the LEXIS/NEXIS Library Contents and Alphabetical List
and the WESTLAW Database List for new files and libraries. Sometimes
files are moved or deleted and the coverage may change. On LEXIS, a
file may be duplicated in several libraries.
PRIMARY LEGISLATION - TREATIES
1. European Community treaties and agreements are available online
on LEXIS: (Library: EUROPE, File: TREATY; and Library: WORLD, File:
TREATY). These databases contain treaties establishing the European
Communities, treaties amending or supplementing these treaties, and
the accession treaties of new member states. The databases also
include agreements and legal acts resulting from external relations
maintained by the European Communities and by member states. The
database coverage is from the founding treaties forward, if in force
after July 1, 1979.
2. Treaties may also be found in the LEXIS Library: INTLAW (File:
ECTY). This file contains European Community treaties and agreements
contained in Basic Documents of International Economic Law, Current
3. LEXIS Library: INTLAW (File: ECLAW) contains the CELEX database
that includes European Community treaties. The CELEX database is
explained in this handout under SECONDARY LEGISLATION.
4. WESTLAW (Database Identifier: CELEX-TRTY) contains treaties
establishing the European Communities; accession treaties; the Single
European Act; and other agreements between EC countries and non-
member countries and organizations. Coverage in this database begins
with treaties still in force July 1, 1979 and subsequent treaties.
1. CELEX is the legal database of the European Communities. It is an
online version of the L (Legislation) and C (Information and Notices)
series of the Official Journal. The database contains EC directives,
regulations, proposals, and international treaties and agreements.
CELEX is available through LEXIS and WESTLAW.
On LEXIS, the CELEX database in its entirety can be searched in
Library: INTLAW (File: ECLAW) and Library: EUROPE (File: ECLAW).
This file consists of documents in full text and summary forms.
Coverage includes Treaty Documents from 1979; EC Legislation from
1980; Commission Proposals from 1989; National Legislative
References from 1989, and Parliament Resolutions from 1979.
2. In addition to the broad file, ECLAW, the EUROPE library also
contains smaller more specific files culled from the CELEX database.
For example, the LEXIS Library: EUROPE, File: LEGIS contains
Commission of the European Communities Legislation from January 1980.
The Library: EUROPE, File: NATPRV contains Commission of the European
Communities National Provisions (citations only) from January 1989.
The Library: EUROPE, File: PARLQ contains Commission of the European
Communities Parliamentary Questions (keywords only) from January
1989. The Library: EUROPE, File: PREP contains Commission of the
European Communities Preparatory Acts from January 1984 and
Parliamentary Resolutions from June 1979.
3. LEXIS (Library: INTLAW, File: FRJO) contains the Official Journal
L series in French from 1955 to date. Search terms, connectors and
segment names must be searched in French.
4. WESTLAW (Database Identifier: CELEX) accesses the full CELEX
database. A WESTLAW document on CELEX may be full text, a summary or
an abstract, judgement, order, decisions or treaty. Use the SCOPE
command on WESTLAW for coverage dates. Segmented CELEX databases on
WESTLAW include: (Database Identifier: CELEX-LEG) that contains EC
secondary and supplemental legislation; (Database Identifier: CELEX-
PREP) that contains EC Preparatory documents and (Database
Identifier: CELEX-NP) that contains National Provisions implementing
directives. The April 1992 issue of the WESTLAW Password newsletter
gives many helpful search tips for searching CELEX on WESTLAW.
5. The following LEXIS files are identical in context: (Library:
INTLAW, File: ECCASE); (Library: EURCOM, File: CASES), and (Library:
EUROPE, File CASES); These files contain: the full text of European
Community cases reported in European Court Reports (ECR) from 1954;
European Commercial Cases (ECC) from 1978; European Human Rights
Report (EHHR) from 1960; Common Market Law Reports; and unreported
cases from October 1980.
6. The following LEXIS files are identical and contain European
Commission decisions applying the fair competition rules under
Articles 85 and 86 of the EEC Treaty from 1972: (Library: INTLAW,
File: COMDEC); and (Library: EURCOM, File: CASES).
7. WESTLAW (Database Identifier: CELEX-CS) contains European Court
of Justice judgements and orders, and Advocates-General opinions with
coverage from 1954.
1. LEXIS (Library: EUROPE) provides files that have a combination of
news, financial data, industry and product analysis, legal and
regulatory information and country background. The Europe library has
excellent coverage of the European Community and 1992. For example,
the RAPID file contains press releases, speeches and explanations of
important Commission proposals and decisions that have been made
available through the Commission's Spokesman's Service. This file is
updated daily. To find current events concerning Europe on LEXIS, a
group file, NEWS provides the full text of sources such as The
Economist, European Intelligence, Financial Times, The Independent,
and the Manchester Guardian Weekly.
2. LEXIS (Library: INTLAW) contains Country Reports, Treaties,
Euroscope Reports. BNA international materials such as the
International Trade Reporter (Library: INTLAW, File: INTRAD) and the
International Environment Reporter (Library: INTLAW, File INTENV) are
excellent sources for recent international developments in the areas
of trade and environmental law.
3. LEXIS (Library: WORLD) contains files with detailed information
on countries in Europe, world news and business analysis information,
European Communities legal and regulatory information. This library
provides a global view of topics. News sources include Christian
Science Monitor, Xinhua News Agency and the Toronto Star. One of the
latest and comprehensive files can be found in the WORLD Library,
TXTNWS file. This source provides global coverage on business and
financial news from several hundred respected information sources.
Coverage is from 1980.
4. The NEXIS file, INTL, is a group file that contains publications
and wire services that cover foreign affairs. Individual files in
this group file may also be searched. For example, the File, EER
contains the European Energy Report from January 1989.
5. WESTLAW (Database Identifier: EURUPDATE) is the European Update
database that covers a broad range of issues and industries such as
general EC policy, economic and monetary integration, environment,
banking, and intellectual property.
6. WESTLAW (Database Identifier: BNA-ITR) contains the BNA
International Trade Report and BNA International Trade Daily.
DIALOG DATABASES ON WESTLAW
7. There are several Dialog Databases on WESTLAW that may be helpful
in international law research. These include: Financial Times Full
(Database Identifier: FTF); Public Affairs Information Service
International (Database Identifier: PAIS); D & B - European Dun's
Market Identifiers (Database Identifier: EDMI); Foreign Trade &
Economic Abstracts (Database Identifier: FTEA); Kompass Europe
(Database Identifier: KOMPASS-E); PTX Newsletter(Database Identifier:
PTS-NEWS) and PTS PROMT (Database Identifier:
1. On LEXIS, the Library LAWREV (File: LGLIND) contains Legal
Resource Index which indexes most of the international law journals
published in the United States.
2. The file, ALLREV contains the full text of selected law reviews
such as the American Journal of International Law, International
Legal Materials, and the Journal of International Labor and Business.
3. WESTLAW (Database Identifier: INT-TP) contains the full text of
selected international law reviews that are published in the United
States such as Harvard International Law Journal, Hastings
International & Comparative Law Review and Columbia Journal of
4. Legal Resource Index is also available on WESTLAW by using the
Database Identifier, LRI.
September 1992 / Veronica Maclay / Edited by Gail Winson
June 1994 / edited for GOPHER
University of California / Hastings College of the Law Library
200 McAllister Street / San Francisco, California 94102
Brought to you by - The 'Lectric Law Library
The Net's Finest Legal Resource For Legal Pros & Laypeople Alike.