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Immediate offspring, whether legitimate or not, and any children legally adopted by a person. 17 U.S.C.

A child is the son or daughter in relation to the father or mother.


We will here consider the law, in general terms, as it relates to the condition, duties and rights of children; and afterwards, the extent which has been given to the word child or children by dispositions in wills and testaments.

1. Children born in lawful wedlock or within a competent time afterwards are presumed to be the issue of the father and follow his condition; those born out of lawful wedlock follow the condition of the mother. The father is bound to maintain his children and to educate them, and to protect them from injuries. Children are, on their part, bound to maintain their fathers and mothers when in need, and they are of ability so to do. The father in general is entitled to the custody of minor children, but under certain circumstances the mother will be entitled to them when the father and mother have separated. Children are liable to the reasonable correction of their parents.

2. The term children does not ordinarily and properly speaking comprehend grandchildren or issue generally; yet sometimes that meaning is affixed to it in cases of necessity and it has been held to signify the same as issue in cases where the testator, by using the terms children and issue indiscriminately, showed his intention to use the former term in the sense of issue, so as to entitle grandchildren, etc. to take under it.

When legally construed, the term children is confined to legitimate children. The civil code of Louisiana enacts, that 'under the name of children are comprehended not only children of the first degree, but the grandchildren, great-grand-children and all other descendants in the direct line.'

Children are divided into legitimate children, or those born in lawful wedlock; and natural or illegitimate children who are born bastards or those which are not incestuous.

Posthumous children are those who are born after the death of their fathers.

In Pennsylvania, the will of their fathers in which no provision is made for them is revoked, as far as regards them, by operation of law.