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Title 18, U.S.C., Sec. 472, makes it a Federal crime or offense for anyone to pass or 'utter,' with intent to defraud, any counterfeit United States Federal Reserve Note.
A person can be found guilty of that offense only if all of the following facts are proved beyond a reasonable doubt:
First: That the person passed or uttered a counterfeit Federal Reserve Note;
Second: That the person knew at the time that the note was counterfeit; and
Third: That the person passed the note willfully and with intent to defraud.
To 'pass' or 'utter' a counterfeit note includes any attempt to spend the note or otherwise place it in circulation.