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JACTITATION false public statement aimed to show a juridical situation orlegal title not effectively existent. From latin ” iactatio ” = ostentation , showing off , exihibitionism.

 

JOINT TENANCY title involving two or more parties that are holdingindividual but equal and indivisible title of property. From latin ” iunctum ” = joined / ” tenere ” = to occupy.

 

JUDGE public official appointed with the aim to hear the disputes and issue adecision, person presiding over a court , leading the running of the trial as indipendent from the parties , interpreting the law and rendering the final decision. From latin ” ius ” = right , law / ” dicere ” = to say, to tell. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of the law. By the merger of this two terms is born the latin verb ” judicare ” = to judge.

 

JUDGEMENT final decision, decree or sentence issued by a lawcourt after acelebrated trial. From latin ” ius ” = right , law / ” dicere ” = to say , to tell. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of the law. By the merger of this two terms is born the latin verb ” judicare ” = to judge.

 

JUDGEMENT BY COGNOVIT ACTIONEM decision rendered against adefendant who acknowledges his liability after he was serving with trial. From latin ” ius ” = right , law / ” dicere ” = to say, to tell. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of the law. By the merger of this two terms is born the latin verb ” judicare ” = to judge . From latin “cognoscere ” = to know / ” actio ” = conduct . Therefore in this case, the defendant is admitting , isacknowledging own’s conduct.

 

JUDGEMENT BY CONFESSION judgement rendered against a defendantthat, before the beginning of a trial and after a withdrawal of all his defences, is confessing own’s liability. From latin ” ius ” = right / ” dicere ” = to say / “confessio ” = acknowledgement ( to recognize own’s wrong conduct). Therefore the right thing said not by judge but by defendant ( acknowledged by himself ).

 

JUDGEMENT IN RETRAXIT voluntary renounciation of his action by theplaintiff , with a consequential dismissal of the action by the law court and the case removal from court calendar. From latin ” ius ” = right , law / ” dicere ” = to say, to tell. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of the law. By the merger of this two terms is born the latin verb ” judicare ” = to judge . (RETRAXIT : ” retro ” = back / “trahere” = to pull ) . In figurative sense bring the action before the court and after pull back the action.

 

JUDGEMENT NIHIL DIXIT judgement by default because is present adefendant failure of answers to the complaint . From latin ” ius ” = right , law / ” dicere ” = to say, to tell. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of the law. By the merger of this two terms is born the verb ” judicare ” = to judge / ” nihil ” = nothing / “dixit” = said.

 

JUDICATURE system used to manage the justice involving its all aspects (eg: the system of judges appointment ) . From latin ” ius ” = right , law / ” dicere ” = to say, to tell. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of thelaw. By the merger of this two terms is born the verb ” judicare ” = to judge.

 

JUDICIAL anything concerning the judging process , the enforcement ofjudgements and generally the lawcourts administration. From latin ” ius ” = right , law / ” dicere ” = to say, to tell. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of the law. By the merger of this two terms is born the verb ” judicare ” = to judge.

 

JUDICIAL NOTICE acceptance and recognition by a court of a fact whis isclearly and spreadly known, therefore not requiring an evidentiary proof of his existence. From latin ” ius ” = right , law / ” dicere ” = to say, to tell. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of the law. By the merger of this two terms is born the verb “judicare ” = to judge.

 

JUDICIARY government brench empowered to administer the courts and tointerprete and enforce the law provisions. From latin ” ius ” = right , law / ” dicere ” = to say, to tell. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of thelaw. By the merger of this two terms is born the verb ” judicare ” = to judge.

 

JUNIOR LIEN lien having a lower priority or lower rating than another liencalled senior lien . From latin ” iunior ” = more young.

 

JURAL SOCIETY / JURAL MATTER organized society or communityoperating under the law / issue arising under the law . From latin ” iuris ” = of the law.

 

JURAT certification issued by an officer authorized to administer an oathsafter that has been sworn a legal writing. From latin ” iuratum ” = sworn.

 

JURATION the action consisting in a oath takin . From latin “ iuratum ” = sworn

 

 JURISDICTION the power of a court to exercise a control over specificparties or matters under dispute, the power control of a court to decide about a particular litigation (eg: the federal courts has a jurisdiction about crime involving defendants abiding in several and different states ). From latin ” ius” or ” iuris ” = right or of the right / ” dicere ” = to say, to te ll. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of the law.

 

JURISDICTIONAL AMOUNT amount of money which must be assertedby the plaintiff in a particular litigation , with the aim to invest of the case the competent court. For example , in Italy, about the litigation having a claim with a worth under 5000 euro, the competent court is a small claims court, named ” ufficio del giudice di pace ” = (literally) ” office of the judge of the peace ” . From latin ” ius ” , ” iuris ” = right , law / ” dicere ” = to say, to tell. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of the law.

 

JURISPRUDENCE the study of the law and concerning processes. From latin ” ius ” , ” iuris ” = right , law / ” dicere ” = to say, to tell. Therefore the judge is telling what is the intent of the law / ” prudentia ” = competence, proficiency .

 

JURY a group of citizens selected by particular criteria and appointed withthe aim to decide the fact at issue in a litigation . From latin ” iurare ” = to swear.

 

JUSTICE the administration of law and lawcourts, requiring an impartialresolution of a litigation between the parties involved. From latin ” iustum ” = deserved , legitime.

 

JUSTIFIABLE HOMICIDE killing of a person that , in normalcircumstances , would be unlawful , but in particular circumstance is excused by law because determinate by a state of necessity or self-defence . From latin ” iustum ” = deserved , legitime / ” facere ” = to do. Therefore a killing that would be wrong , in particular circumstance as self defence, becomes legitime.

 

JUVENILE COURT lawcourt having a competence to trial the underagedpeople involved in a crime. From latin ” iuvenile ” = about youth age.

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